1. The Triune God.
We believe in one God, eternally existing in three equally divine Persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who know, love, and glorify one another. This divine and infinite Being consists of three real persons, the Father, the Son (The Word), and the Holy Spirit. These three have the same substance, power, and eternity, each having the whole divine essence without this essence being divided.
2. The Son.
God has graciously disclosed His existence and power in the created order and has supremely revealed himself to fallen human beings in the person of His Son, the incarnate Word. The Son of God, the second person of the Holy Trinity, is truly and eternally God. He is the brightness of the Father’s glory, the same in substance and equal with Him. He made the world and sustains and governs everything He has made. When the fullness of time came, He took upon himself human nature, with all the essential properties and common weaknesses of it but without sin. He was born of the blessed Virgin Mary. He is truly God and truly man, yet one Christ, the only mediator between God and humanity.
3. The Scriptures.
The Bible is truly the Word of God in human form because its origin is not in man but in God who willed and inspired its creation. In this sense, the Bible is not like any other book. In the Bible, in and through the words of men, one finds the self-revelation of God and can come to a true and genuine knowledge of Him and His will and purpose for man and the world.
All scripture is inspired by God and is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work (2 Tim 3.16–17).
The Bible, as the divinely-inspired Word of God in the words of men, contains no formal errors or inner contradictions concerning the relationship between God and the world. There may be incidental inaccuracies of a non-essential character in the Bible. But the eternal spiritual and doctrinal message of God, presented in the Bible in many different ways, remains perfectly consistent, authentic, and true.
4. Creation of Humanity.
In the beginning God, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, was pleased to create or make the world and all things in it, both visible and invisible, and all of it called very good. He did this to manifest the glory of His eternal power, wisdom, and goodness. After God had made all the other creatures, He created humanity. He made them male and female, with rational and immortal souls, thereby making them suited to that life lived unto God for which they were created. They were made in the image of God, being endowed with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness.
Men and women, equally made in the image of God, enjoy equal access to God by faith in Christ Jesus and are both called to move beyond passive self-indulgence to significant private and public engagement in family, Church, and civic life. Adam and Eve were made to complement each other in a one-flesh union that establishes the only normative pattern of sexual relations for men and women, such that marriage ultimately serves as an icon or image of the union between Christ and His Church.
Both men and women are encouraged to serve Christ and to be developed to their full potential in the manifold ministries of the people of God. Their distinctive roles are grounded in creation, fall, and redemption and must not be sidelined by appeals to cultural developments.
5. The Fall.
God created humanity upright and perfect. He gave them a righteous law that would have led to life if they had kept it but threatened death if they broke it. Yet they did not remain for long in this position of honor. Satan used the craftiness of the serpent to seduce Eve. Adam acted without any outside compulsion and deliberately transgressed the law of his Creator and the command given to him by eating the forbidden fruit.
By this sin our first parents fell from their original righteousness and communion with God. We fell in them, and through this, death came upon all. All became dead in sin and completely defiled in all the capabilities and parts of soul and body.
6. The Gospel.
We believe that the gospel is the good news of Jesus Christ—God’s very wisdom. Utter folly to the world, even though it is the power of God to those who are being saved. This good news is Christological, centering on the cross and resurrection: the gospel is not proclaimed if Christ is not proclaimed, and the authentic Christ has not been proclaimed if His death and resurrection are not central.
The ultimate perfection of God’s purpose for man is fulfilled in Christ. He alone is the fulfillment of the law and the prophets. He alone is the “Holy One of God.”
This good news is biblical because His death and resurrection are according to the Scriptures; theological and salvific because Christ died for our sins, to reconcile us to God; historical because if the saving events did not happen, our faith is worthless, we are still in our sins, and we are to be pitied more than all others; Apostolic because the message was entrusted to and transmitted by the Apostles, who were witnesses of these saving events; and intensely personal and communal because it is received, believed, and held firmly, that is, individual persons are saved, but they are saved into the communion of the saints and the Kingdom of the Heavens.
We believe that, moved by love and in obedience to His Father, the eternal Son perfectly obeyed His heavenly Father, lived a sinless life, performed miraculous signs, was crucified under Pontius Pilate, arose bodily from the dead on the third day, and ascended into heaven.
As King, He is seated at the right hand of God the Father, exercising in heaven and on earth all of God’s sovereignty, and is our High Priest and righteous Advocate. We believe that by His incarnation, life, death, resurrection, and ascension, Jesus Christ acted as our representative and substitute. He did this so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God: on the cross He canceled sin, propitiated God, and, by bearing the full penalty of our sins, reconciled to God all those who believe.
We are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and not for our own works.
We believe that Christ, by His obedience and death, fully discharged the debt of all those who are justified. By His sacrifice, He bore in our stead the punishment due us for our sins, making a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God’s justice on our behalf. Inasmuch as Christ was given by the Father for us, and His obedience and punishment were accepted in place of our own, freely and not for anything in us, this justification is solely of grace, in order that both the exact justice and the rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners. We believe that a zeal for personal and public obedience flows from this free justification.
9. The Power of the Holy Spirit.
We believe that this salvation, attested in all Scripture and secured by Jesus Christ, is applied to His people by the Holy Spirit. A person can abide in Christ, accomplish His commandments, and be in communion with God the Father only by the presence and power of the Holy Spirit in his or her life. Spiritual life is life in and by the Holy Spirit of God.
By the Spirit’s agency, believers are renewed, sanctified, and adopted into God’s family; they participate in the divine nature and receive His sovereignly distributed gifts. The Holy Spirit is himself the down payment of the promised inheritance.
10. Last Things and The Final Judgment.
We believe in the personal, glorious, and bodily return of our Lord Jesus Christ with His holy angels, when He will exercise His role as final Judge, and His kingdom will be consummated.
The bodies of those who have died return to dust. But their souls neither die nor sleep, because they have an immortal character, and immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous are then made perfect in holiness and are received into paradise. There they are with Christ and behold the face of God in light and glory while they wait for the full redemption of their bodies. The souls of the wicked are thrown into Hell, where they remain in torment and utter darkness, reserved for the judgment of the great day. The Scripture recognizes no place other than these two for souls separated from their bodies.
At the last day, those saints who are found alive will not sleep but will be changed. All the dead will be raised up with the very same bodies, not different ones, though they will have different qualities. Their bodies will be united again to their souls forever.
The bodies of the unjust will be raised up to judgment and eternal hell, as our Lord himself taught, and the just to eternal blessedness in the presence of Him who sits on the throne and of the Lamb, in the new heaven and the new earth, the home of righteousness. By His Spirit the bodies of the just will be raised to honor and will be made like Christ’s own.
Our full doctrinal statement and our Statement on Marriage & Sexuality can be accessed here: LOJ Doctrinal Statement